Just a few days [late September 2013] 'newsy' things, which I would have normally processed and published properly had I had the time.

Regrettably, no such luck so I'll just "throw" the subjects onto this one page and then forget about them! The reason - I am currently licking my wounds after a major trauma full hip replacement with a repair to my pelvis on top just for good measure!  I am now fully bionic with two titanium hips. My time is taken up with my daily walk, sometimes out to four miles, resting, and generally taking things easy although I am writing a large website for a naval association just to keep me out of mischief.

My topics would have been:-

1.The closure of HMS Ganges as a Fleet Training Establishment. Contrary to a misconception this was not 1976, but late 1972 when PART II training ceased for the majority training there. For example, in the Autumn of 1972, all communicator ratings did their Part II [professional branch] training in HMS Mercury and the electrical branches went to HMS Collingwood. Ganges was left after this period with just Part I [basic naval] training,  a training role which paled into insignificance compared with former times even just back to the Summer 1972 term.

2. The dreadful use of vetting people to ascertain their religion before being murdered in cold blood if the wrong answer was given. To a filth-bag Muslim terrorist, a Muslim is a Muslim [how true is that!] but a non-Muslim, is a disbeliever, which they call a KUFFAR. In the supermarket in Nairobi Kenya, such vetting went on before the terrorist selected their victims.

3. Modern - very modern, Russian submarines.

New post on Submarine Diary


Yasen-class nuclear attack submarines to give Russia major edge

by jasonlockley

The Project 885 nuclear submarine is the quintessence of everything the Russian military industrial complex has achieved in over half a century of building submarines.

Yasen-class nuclear attack submarines to give Russia major edge

The Yasen is not only quieter than the Project 971 Akula, but also quieter than the latest American Seawolf nuclear submarine. Source: Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation /

Large-scale construction of the next-generation Project 885 Yasen-class multi-purpose nuclear attack submarine, armed with Onyx supersonic cruise missiles has begun in Russia.  The ships will compete with the latest American Seawolf-class nuclear submarines in terms of their noise profile and will be world leaders in terms of fire power. Moscow plans to acquire at least 10 of these boats by 2020. The fourth submarine in this class was laid down in Severodvinsk on the eve of Navy Day, which was celebrated on the last Sunday in July.

The Project 885 nuclear submarine is the quintessence of everything the Russian military industrial complex has achieved in over half a century of building submarines. The vessel has a hull made from high-resilience low-magnetic steel, and so can dive to a depth of more than 600 metres (conventional boats cannot go deeper than 300 metres), which effectively puts it out of reach of all types of modern anti-submarine weapons. Its maximum speed is more than 30 knots (about 60 kilometres per hour). The nuclear submarine is equipped with an escape pod for the whole crew.

The Russian designers say that the Yasen is not only quieter than the Project 971 Akula, but also quieter than the latest American Seawolf nuclear submarine. Moreover, unlike those vessels, the new missile submarine will be more functional thanks to the weapons at its disposal (several types of cruise missile and torpedo) and will be able to fulfil a wide range of roles at sea.


The Akula nuclear submarine is currently the most important of the Russian multi-purpose attack submarines designed for raiding operations against sea lanes. Virtually inaudible in the depths of the ocean, they are equally effective against transport vessels and warships, and can also hit the enemys coastal infrastructure with cruise missiles. Akula submarines were recently spotted within the 200-mile zone of the coasts of the United States and Canada, which caused a serious commotion among the countries respective militaries. Having discovered the presence of these guests, neither of them was able to track their movement, which naturally caused serious concern. After all, the Akula carries on board 28 Kh-55 Granat cruise missiles, the equivalent of the American Tomahawk, which can fly 3000 km and deliver 200-kilotonne nuclear warheads to their targets.


The main attack system on the Yasen is the P-800 Onyx, the latest Russian supersonic cruise missile. This missile is the base version for two absolutely identical export versions in terms of their appearance: the Russian Yakhont and the Indian BrahMos, although with significantly reduced combat characteristics. These devices are capable of being fired from under water. They fly at a speed of 750 metres per second and carry a devastating high-explosive warhead weighing half a tonne. They have a range of more than 600 kilometres.


Yakhont anti-ship cruise missile.

The Onyx is guided to its target by a navigational system that operates on target designation data, that is inputted provisionally to the missile before it is launched. At a predetermined point in the trajectory (2580 kilometres), the missiles homing device is briefly activated and determines the precise location of the target. The homing device is activated again after a sharp reduction in altitude of 515 metres, just seconds before it hits the enemy. This is to ensure that when the enemy detects the missiles launch it cannot jam the missile with electronic countermeasures.

Wolf pack

But its not its high speed or the protection of its homing device against electronic countermeasures that makes the Onyx a super-modern weapon.

Once it is launched from the submarine, the missile finds the target by itself. After determining their coordinates, the missiles waituntil the last one is out of the launch tubes and then line up, just like a wolf pack, and begin to home in on their prey. The designers are not really advertising this point, but its the missiles themselves that decide which missile attacks which target and how. The missile pack decides these targets, classifies them in terms of importance, and selects the tactics for the attack and the plan for its execution.


In order to prevent mistakes, the missiles on-board computer system is programmed with electronic data on all modern classes of ship. This is purely tactical information for example, on the class of vessel. This enables the missiles to determine what they are up against, whether it be an aircraft-carrier or landing group, and then to attack the main targets within the group. The Onyx missiles on-board computer also holds data on how to counter the enemys electronic warfare systems, which can divert a missile from its target, and systems for evading anti-aircraft defence systems.

At the same time, like wolves in a real pack, the missiles themselves decide which one of them is the main attacker and which one must take the role of the decoy to lure the enemys aircraft and air defence systems away. Once the main selected target has been destroyed, the other missiles immediately redistribute the combat assignments between themselves and begin to destroy other vessels. There is no ship in the world that can dodge an attack by Onyx missiles. Yes, ship-borne radar systems can detect that they have been launched, but then further resistance is useless. The speed of these missiles and the way they constantly manoeuvre above the surface of the sea makes it practically impossible to intercept them with air defence systems or aircraft. 885 Yasen-class submarine


Another advantage of the Onyx missile is that it can be used with various types of carriers. In Russia, it is installed not only in submarines but also on surface vessels and mobile land-based platforms the Bastion shore-based missile systems. Its the presence of these systems in Syria that so worries Washington today.

Onyx will also be included in the weaponry of the Su-30MK family of fighters and the latest Su-34 frontline bombers. But the most important thing is that the next generation following the Onyx is already on its way. This is the Zircon, the first hypersonic combat missile system, for which testing is due to start next year.

4. Fire Service Strike. Oh the Green Godesses and how they are missed. I can well remember the time in the 70's when I, with  a small party of petty officers and junior rates, left HMS Mercury to join HMS Excellent/HMS Phoenix to train as Green Godess Crews with a subsequent posting to the Purbrook and Waterlooville areas of Hampshire. We did a good job, fully supported by Fire Service Officers who willingly rolled-up their sleeves and acted like ordinary fire fighters. Good on them, but as for ordinary fire fighters - well, therein begs a question!

5. All of us boys [pre 1956 change over to Juniors and even them, probably] had letters from our Commanding Officer sent home to our parents. Mine, from Captain Cairns of 1953, is posted to this my web site. However, this pre-WW2 letter is more detailed than the post-WW2 letters and is well worth the read. Incidentally, I was born in July 1938!


6. Gibraltar and its changes. HMS Rooke has been totally build over and is now a living space for many hundreds of Gibraltarians. Worst still, there is a massive Mosque now built at Europa Point. See these pictures.

1. Mosque 2. Gone HMS Rooke  3. The new ocean liner jetty, facilities and accommodation.