Ordinarily a straight forward naval knowledge quiz with a couple of difficult questions every now and again. However, nothing that really challenges the brightest of royal mariners.

It is a document having 100 sections, each designed to educated you, refresh your already known knowledge and then to test you.

It's your summer 2018 relaxant?

If you attempt it, why not submit your answers to me [email address on home page of this site] when I will respond and thank you for your efforts. Those who score in excess of 90% correct answers, will have their names [and or organisation] added to this page.

So, by question number and not by subject naval genre, here goes.

1.     Right up to and including the early 20th century years, the Royal Navy used AM and PM time and not a twenty four hour clock, now used universally. As a Service, we are used to travelling the globe and to changing our clocks according to whether we are sailing east about or west about crossing lines of longitude. Each of the time zones we find ourselves in has an alphabetic letter applied to it,  A to Z. For example in the UK, we keep Alpha local time in summer and Zulu local time in winter.  Zulu time = GMT.  QUESTION. Which of the alphabet  letters is/are NOT USED? Also what three letters are now used internationally instead of GMT, but which equates to GMT ? What do these 'new' letters [which started to be used in 1970 by most of the world] mean?  EU countries [Western Europe] use GMT as a Time Standard and a Time Zone whereas  most other countries recognise GMT = ONLY as Time Zone Zulu!

 2.     For many years a famous naval event of history was performed at the annual Earls Court Military Tattoo,  regrettably now gone at least in its original splendid spectacle form. Fortunately  it is not lost or forgotten because HMS Collingwood runs the Field Gun Competition each year, not between R.N., Commands as it used to be viz Air, Devonport, Portsmouth and Chatham [Nore], but between all comers, navy or others including civilians, and of late there have been amazing winners: the Army and a lone nuclear submarine crew from HM S/M Ambush for example. HMS Powerful was the first vessel to off-load its weapons for use ashore  in 1899 during the Second Boer War in South Africa. QUESTION. Which ship was the second and during which war and in which geographical theatre?

3.     Prick, cock, chopper, apart from colloquial and vulgar names for the male member [which have no place in this respectable quiz] are well known  naval words/expressions. Just to guide you down the right lines Chopper was the name of a USN diesel electric submarine, or, if you want a humble helicopter,  and whether engine-room staff or not, I don't need to tell you what a cock is. QUESTION. In naval speak [forgetting all vulgarity] what is/was a Prick? Subsequent QUESTION. The 'root' word was RICK. By adding a letter to the root, words like Prick [main Q3] and Trick [subsequent Q3] developed. What is a naval Trick? 

4.     The common terms United States Navy; Federal German Navy; British Navy; South American Navy; Russian Navy;  Navy of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Royal Navy. QUESTION. Which are INCORRECT statements as viewed and why ?

5.     There are five rivers in the UK called the Stour. The one in the southeast of England separating Essex from Suffolk is doubly famous, having in the West the home of one of our most famous painters and relatively close by in the East,  the site of a former naval establishment. QUESTION. Name both.

6.     Sloops and frigates are often difficult to spot the difference given their comparable sizes. So QUESTION. What is the main basic difference between the two which in normal times is VERY difficult to see?

7.     The Lord High Admiral, in more recent times a job for the sovereign but quite recently ceded to Admiral of the Fleet HRH The Duke of Edinburgh on his 90th birthday by HM The Queen, is the highest appointment in the Royal Navy. QUESTION. What was the title/appointment of his deputy? Additional question. On what date and in what year did the office of Lord High Admiral become the responsibility of the Crown i.e., the ruling monarch, and why?

8.     When applied to our many rivers small, medium and very large, what does the term 'brackish' mean?  Supplementary QUESTION. In the case of the River Thames, what is significant about the area of Battersea?

9.     In a farm-yard or just as common  in somebody's back garden, a cock and a hen of the chicken species are easy to spot. QUESTION. What predominant sea creatures are officially called cock and hen, or 'jenny' and 'jimmy' by some seafaring communities?

10.   Today, and for a long time past,  that beautiful country of Wales has not had a Royal Navy port or base - discounting Brecon Beacons/Black Mountains training areas.  Locals might be pleased about that but I am not sure! QUESTION Can you name a Welsh RNAS, a major Welsh Dockyard facility, and a Welsh City port used by the navy in the 20th century?

11.   In the 20th century Royal Navy the word “TWICER” was used for two quite separate things.  Both had well know prefixes [in everyday naval language] – and what followed the prefixes were objects with names formed from the English alphabet and numerals, both Arabic and Roman. QUESTION. What were they?

12.  Which very popular 1st Sea Lord was often referred to as the “Chinese Admiral” ?

13.  Historically, ships named in the 1930’s and 1940’s had generally longer names than those named before or since.  Assuming that throughout, the same sized letters, full stops and spacing are used,  the  named cap tally of H.M.S. GANGES, from the ‘H’ to the ‘S’ is fractionally just over 5½” long. QUESTION. What is the measurement [approximately] of the cap tally from the ‘H’ of H.M.S. to the last letter in the name, of the ship with the longest name and what type of vessel was she'? How long [letters, spaces and full stops only where appropriate] was the shortest cap tally, and what was it ?

14.   Why is the text from the Bible's new testament at  MATTHEW Chapter 8 Verse 9, more relevant to a Royal Marine officer than to a Royal Navy officer ? 

15.   Where, on a large British warship of say the 1930’s and 1940’s, would you find the “SHEET ANCHOR” What was its use and what were the other near adjacent ANCHORS called ?

 16.   We have all made an approach to an RFA ready to conduct a RAS. Using the RFA’s Blue Ensign for example, what part is known as the “FLY” and what part a “CANTON” ?  Give an example of what you would find in each of your answers.

17.    “GRACE NINE” is an anagram for a nautical word meaning, to put a list on the ship in order to tilt it so that work can be conducted below the water line on the exposed side. QUESTION. What is the word?.

18.   What two British warships of the 20th century had names where the last three letters in each case suggested either maternal or paternal associations ? 

19.   British warships have been named using every letter of the alphabet as the first letter of the name.  Additionally, everyone of them, with the exception of two letters, has every letter of the alphabet as the last letter in the name.  What are those two letters ? 

20.   Staying with the family links in Q18 above, can you think of seven  British warships from the war years onwards whose names have the necessary letters of the alphabet in them to be able to spell out the following words - [a] Uncle, [b] aunt, [c] boy, [d] girl, [e] cousin [f] baby, [g] man?  An example of an answer might be  [h] son, the answer being Anson but note, the letters sought do not necessarily have to be in order as are ‘son’ in Anson.    

 21.   Using licence {poetic, creative, pure dabbling or even cheating – whatever} I am about to refer to a British naval officer whose name is spelt with the penultimate letter of the alphabet as the last letter in his name, but which when spoken, can be either the stated letter [of the alphabet] or can be a letter representing the personal pronoun,  meaning me.  Just to make that very clear, take for example the word ‘BLOODY’ which when spoken, could be either BLOODY or BLOODI – it sounds the same !  Using the foregoing ‘licence’ which word in the English dictionary [no hyphenations or spaces]  ties together the surname of a very famous R.N. Captain and a very famous British Admiral in that order {the spelling of the admiral's name is NOT vitiated and is spoken and written the same without the licence used for the Captain’s name}.  What does this single word mean ?   To help you to solve this question, let me tell you  that in WW2 we had a ship named after the admiral and post WW2, a ship named after the captain.

22.    The Royal Yacht [HMY] Britannia.  Britannia was of course first and foremost a Royal Yacht, but she was also designed to be readily converted to a HMHS [Her Majesty's Hospital Ship] in times of war or conflict.  There were two occasions when this might have happened but neither were executed, one being the 1956 Suez Crisis and the other the 1982 Falklands War. At the time, several newspapers led with a reason for this being that she was a FFO [Furnace Fuel Oil] burner [instead of diesel oil] which we all know was ridiculous, because the Flag Ship herself down south, HMS Hermes, used FFO, so the RAS[L] RFA tanker was already on station to supply the Yacht with her propulsion fuel needs.

In later years, the Government purloined the yacht to show the British Trade and Industry Flag around the world.

However, in addition to being a Royal Yacht and a hospital ship when necessary, she had a third use when necessary. QUESTION. What was it?  

 23.   In our time in the navy, we all knew what ‘Sweepers were – they were ships; Minesweepers.  Football has its “sweepers” too, so does the world of espionage where “sweepers” seek out bugging devices. In the TV series ‘Only Fools and Horses’, Dell Boy’s friend, Trigger, was a road sweeper in Peckham, London.  Additionally, the word sweeper[s] was in continuous use in the navy of my time ['53-'83] and what follows is taken from the 'Naval Ratings Handbook 1951' [which was issued to us on joining and which still to this day, is part of my library].  "DAILY HARBOUR ROUTINE.  0800 Colours summer;  both watches for exercise, stand fast cooks and sweepers; hands to brightwork stations;  clean messdecks and flats", and, again from the same ROUTINE, "2015  Cooks and sweepers clear up mess-decks and flats; duty part of the watch of the hands fall in, clear up decks, slope awnings, close watertight openings".   However, in the Edwardian Navy [1901-1909 particularly, but later too],  a sweeper was a special person.  QUESTION. What did this sweeper do?

 24.   At the turn of the century [19th to 20th],  why would the following command, written or spoken, be wrong.  “Both watches will muster on the upper deck port side of ‘Y’ gun turret at 0800  ? 

 25.   Assault ships, for example Fearless, Intrepid, Bulwark, Albion and Ocean, carry[ied]  Royal Marine Commandos,  and it has long been the practice in the navy to call the senior officer embarked with the ‘Royals’, the OCRM [Officer Commanding Royal Marines]  How is this officer's status vis-a-vis with other wardroom officers [note, not his substantive  rank] changed when afloat as opposed to when he is land based ?

 26.   Naval personnel.  The personal write-up on a rating was always done by the mans divisional officer on a Form S264A, otherwise known by the men as their comic-cuts. A good divisional officer would at least tell the man what had been written about him and in lots of cases, he would be shown the write-up. However, he was never given a copy to keep.  Officers were reported upon in the same way but by their HOD [Head of Department and the Commanding Officer], and their records too were the property of the MOD.  However, officers were actually given a précis of their report for their own retention.  What name was given to this piece of paper containing that précis, and what was the Form Number [S something or other] of their reporting system ?     

 27.   ‘Tasting Celt Ale’ with a marked Cornish influence.  Anagram for a British warship [two words] ?

 28.   Who was the first and only member of the Royal Family to be the Lord Warden and Admiral of the Cinque Ports?   Whilst holding this appointment, where did the Royal personage fly the associated Admirals Flag ?

 29.    This is a little quiz about the comparison of sayings used by the United States Navy and the Royal Navy. Whilst it is biased towards the submarine world, it is highly probable, because of naval general knowledge, that a ‘skimmer’ will do as well [or ever better] than a ‘fishhead’ so, if you think you are worldly-wise about our two navies, then have a go. It is a stand easy-type of quiz and requires but little of your time and the back of a fag packet. QUESTIONS.


a. The RN call it a BOMBER.  What is it called in the USN ?
b. The USN  COB [Chief of the Boat] in the RN he is the …………?
c. They both begin with the letter ‘F’, the American being the FAIRWATER.  What is ours called ?
d. In the RN, if you live in the MENOPAUSE MANOR you are a CHIEF [or senior rate]. What is the USN equivalent called ?
e. What, if there is one, is the equivalent RN saying for the  USN saying of KNEE KNOCKER ?
f. Afloat only, we in the RN call the officer in charge of the watch [middle, morning etc] the OOW. The Americans use a phrase for the same officer similar to what we use when based ashore or when our vessel is alongside in harbour. What is it ? If you use an abbreviation [like OOW for example], spell it out in full!
g. What is the USN ‘Scuttlebutt’ in our language. 
h.  Irrespective or how many of them there might be in a given area we ‘Brit's always use the plural by adding the letter ‘S’ to a four letter word.  In the USN, they always keep their four letter word in the singular.  What is the four letter word ?
i.  We call it a Tea Kettle and the Americas call it a Coffee Pot.  To what I am I referring?

From these 32 blocks each with three random letters, can you make 16 words, each of 6 letters long, pertaining to, and in common use in the Royal Navy?



31.     In this next section you will find the letters of the alphabet split into two halves - A & B -  with 13 letters in each. Since there are only five vowels I can't split them evenly so, for no specific reason, in A there are 2 and in B, 3 as follows:-

LIST A - A B C D F G L N Q U V W Y   13 letters with  2 vowels

LIST B - E H I J K M O P R S T X  Z - 13 letters with 3 vowels

All you have to do [without limit if you have a care] is to find FOUR LETTER words beginning with the letters in each group. You can use the letters as often as you want [if there are say, 50 English [UK] spelled words beginning with the letter V for example] but you have to use each of the letters at least once in each of the lists A & B.

A & B are to be  dealt with throughout as two quite separate written lists e.g., no words beginning with the letter 'E' can appear in List A.

32.    The Falklands War 1982. First a statement which I'll furnish and leave you to have a guess at the outcome. Then a question about the war which then as now was not well covered!.

During the war, the RAF Vulcan bombers endeavoured to trash the main runway of the airfield at Port Stanley the largest of the three on the Islands. They failed after spending a considerable amount of fuel from in-flight re-fuelling, but just how much did all this costs for no discernable gain to the prosecution of the war?  In a book written by Commander Nigel Ward RN [a Falklands veteran] called "Sea Harrier over the Falklands"- page 186, published by Cassell's - ISBN 978 0 304 35542 6, he says this:-

"... to get twenty-one bombs to Port Stanley is going to take about one million, one hundred thousand pounds of fuel – equalled about 137,000 gallons." Have a guess at what the navy could have used that money on for almost certainly a much better gain?

Well, Nigel went on to say "That was enough fuel to fly 260 Sea Harrier bombing missions over Port Stanley. Which in turn meant just over 1300 bombs. Interesting stuff!"

Now for the QUESTION proper! It was well known that President Reagan was thick as thieves with Mrs Thatcher so the USA were an overt friend of ours, even having a "replacement carrier" [an LPH]  waiting on request just in case we lost either Hermes or Invincible. Probably because of that, the Soviet Union [whose President was Nikolai Tikhonov with the "iron man" Leonid Brezhnev as the long standing First Secretary of the Soviets] were anything but! Brezhnev died in November 1982 in his 18th year in office. However Russia had no entry-point into South America so they needed an ally to interface their support without doing it directly in Argentina itself. Brazil agreed to allow Russia to fly its support-materiel for the Argentinian war-effort into the eastern coastal city of Recife, and from there, as innocuous Brazilian trading goods to its neighbour Argentina without questions asked or eyebrows raised. Recife to Rio, the final destination, was just 1165 miles with a commercial flight time of approximately three hours: today, in an Airbus 380 it is just less than two hours.   So, can you list at least eight adversaries who were the enemies of the United Kingdom without mentioning the Soviet Union [already done] or France, the latter overtly assisting both us and the Argentinians?  Whilst doing that, can you name the most venomous and dangerous country in that group of eight which swore to help defeat the British? This country and its vehemently anti-British Prime Minister, led  a prominent Lavant [middle east] country. He had been a terrorist, a thorn-in-the-flesh of the UK in the late1940's! He resigned as the Prime Minister a year after the Falklands War in 1983, and died ten years after it in 1992 aged 78 of a heart attack. Although given a State funeral at which thousands attended, not one foreign dignitary was invited or attended. The theme of his funeral, even to his body carriers [there was no coffin!] was his life long association with terrorism!

33.     At the turn of the 20th century and before WW1, 'Grog' was defined in three separate ways, with one of those definitions used as the Standard Daily Issue. Before the daily tot was withdrawn in 1970, there were just two defined ways. What were they, and how were they referred to colloquially? Remember that grog means neat rum with added measures of water!

34. When expressing the wartime deaths of sailors, what do the following abbreviations stand for:-


35. We all know what a fathom is. It's 6 foot and we always associate it with depths in the sea. However the measurement criterion has nothing to do with the sea. It is a measure between two specific points of the human body.  What are those points?

36. There were two HMS's named after the geographical position of their functioning.  One was HMS Western Isles at Tobermory on the major Hebridean island of Mull and the other was more or less smack in the middle of the Atlantic and said to be the loneliest place on earth. What was it called and what was it doing there?

37. Which three senior Trafalgar naval officers lay side by side in St Paul's crypt?

38. What was the RN's nicknames for the German pocket battleships SCHARNHOST and GNEISENAU and why?

39. Which admiral of the fleet is buried in earth in an English church graveyard dying after 1922, with a substantial cross on his grave made from the timbers of the original HMS Victory, placed there after the Victory was dry-docked for preservation in the Portsmouth, Hampshire, dockyard?

40. In 1919 the R-Class destroyer 'ROWENA' arrived in the naval port of Dover to deliver something very special. What was it?

41. Which naval officer was promoted three time in one year to vice admiral, admiral and admiral of the fleet?

42. In WW2 certainly, and probably also in WW1, what did the German UBoat crews refer to when uttering the expression "Die Glückliche Zeit" ?

43. This is HMS Princess Charlotte in Grand Harbour Valletta Malta under the curtain wall of HMS Egmont later called HMS St Angelo. Is she dressed ship Victoria style, and if not, what are the object uniformly arranged above the main deck?


44. A splendid picture of the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert under way in Portsmouth Harbour, heading for the Solent and then the English Channel, with HM The Queen embarked. She is about to pass down the starboard side of HMS Victory with, on her port side, HMT [Her Majesty's Troopship] Serapis alongside South Railway Jetty then known as the Troopships [5 in number all manned with Royal Navy complements/ships companies] terminus, with the railway connected directly to it from the Harbour railway station.

Question. In normal naval procedures can you spot anything wrong with this lovely painting?


45. Britain is blest by a couple of scores of marine artists, often it is said led by the Wyllie's, father and son team: said that is, by RN sources, not necessarily agreed with by the nation as a whole.  My favourite is  fellow Yorkshireman Chas Pears, for he created some wonderful and near magic pictures of a good mix of warships and merchant men: other superior maritime artists which I very much like are Thomas Luny 1759-1837, and Richard Paton 1717-1791. We often hear of composers who died leaving  unfinished symphony's, but rarely marine artists who left uncompleted work especially in their prime-time years, ignoring their experiments and learning-curve pictures. I have found one here by Chas Pears which might challenge you?

The time is 1936 and the liner Queen Mary has just this minute arrived in Southampton ex builders John Brown of Clydebank Scotland. The vessel is still not fully completed and the group of men you see have been sent south by Brown's to complete the work at Southampton before she sets sail on her maiden voyage. This work shows the liner being pulled into the massive King George V dry dock with no time to waste on ceremony and official greetings. Over to the left is the liner Majestic, built by the Germans for their own domestic use on the North Atlantic run, but whilst still almost new [wasn't used in the WW2 years], she was taken off the defeated Germans as part of their reparations owing to the Allies. Later on she became the floating barracks called HMS Caledonia at Rosyth for artificer and boy seamen training. Before leaving John Brown's yard the QM was fully completed as far as cosmetics were concerned i.e., everything above the Plimsoll line had been completed, the only work to be completed was down deep below in the vessel, unseen by the casual eye. Question 1 can you spot anything in  this Chas Pears painting which might raise questions from ordinary civilians?  Question 2. Given that this vessel belongs to the mercantile marine, why the blue ensign?

 A great sadness was soon to be witnessed. Sir Edgar Britten, in his own way a famous mariner from Yorkshire just as Captain Cook and Admiral Collingwood had been, was the former master of most of the great liners of yore, who took the Queen Mary to New York for its maiden voyage and returned home in her to Southampton ready to start its regular Atlantic passenger service. Whilst preparing his fine vessel for what would be a work-horse arduous life for the ship, he suffered a massive stroke. He was immediately taken to the nearest care home in Southampton to be assessed for more specialist care when he suddenly died at the relatively young age of 62. That was on October 28th 1936. Amongst many other outstanding achievements of his life, he had been the staff captain of the Lusitania just before she sailed for her last visit to New York and on her way home to Glasgow was sunk by a UBoat when off Ireland. See also this important file Queen Mary and her Commanders.pdf  Another important file is this one which shows the British Movietone News filming of the  funeral of Sir Edgar Britten post Southampton St Mary's church service to the sea buoy, beyond which would be the strictly private sea committal of Sir Edgar Britten coffin  sir edgar brittens funerals.mp4  It was an extremely poignant departure, for his ship, the Queen Mary had vacated her berth and was speeding across the Atlantic, when the next occupier of that berth, the tug Calshot, arrived and left after the coffin was unceremoniously winched onboard, courtesy of a small dockyard crane, and all in full view of the large liner Berengaria, berthed nearby, which Sir Edgar had commanded for many years.

This, a lovely picture of Sir Edgar, Lady Britten and daughter Mary. As often is the case when a person comes to retirement and the spouse looks forward to doing all those things rendered impossible because of her husbands job, that the remaining spouse dies prematurely and those desires and aspirations dissolve into thin air.  For reasons not stated, Lady Britten did not journey in the tug Calshot to accompany her husbands body to the site of his sea burial. She left that to their daughter Mary who was joined by very few others for the strictly private committal, a tiny group consisting of the CEO of the White Star/Cunard Line, his Padre and his long standing personal steward Croughan,  known in the merchant service as the ship's tiger.


This is a scene at Spithead after a tour of Portsmouth Harbour and Dockyard had been completed. The occasion of the visit was to show HM The Queen, her husband Prince Albert and many other VIP's the navy at home, which occurred on the 1st March 1842 when Victoria had been the monarch for just five years. You need to look carefully at the picture to see the little steamer 'Black Eagle' at anchor off the port side  of the large central vessel, HMS Queen. She had brought HM to visit HMS Queen also riding at anchor. Notice that her yards are manned as are the ship just visible on the left. The vessels are at anchor in quite choppy waters as depicted by both vessels wearing a Union Jack. The flag that appears to be flying underneath the red ensign worn by the HMS Queen is indeed being flown by the HMS Queen on a halyard attached to the the port end of the lower yard of the mizzen mast; it is believed that this is the Standard of Prince Albert.. HM now safely aboard,  HMS Queen flies the Sovereign's Standard plus the flag of the Lord High Admiral and all regalia on the steamer Black Eagle has been temporarily removed until HM re-boards her for the short  journey back into the harbour. It is difficult to establish [even under a high magnification] what the flag flying from near to the stern of the steamer is, or indeed, whether it is associated with that vessel at all: I think not! Whilst in the Queen [flagship of Vice Admiral Sir Edward Owen] HM toured the lower deck and the ships company quarters, where she asked if she could could try a tot of rum. Anyway, apart from showing you a busy and dynamic seascape, why is one vessel flying a blue ensign and the other [the Queen] flying a red ensign, and collectively, what were the different coloured ensigns colloquially called?

47. For many a long year the navy [albeit essentially a lower deck term but perhaps unknowingly with a realistic overtone] has referred to the breaking up of old warships as "going for razor blades."

Where, geographically in the UK, did this saying relate to and why? If it helps, at the time of the Invergordon mutiny but also before and after, sailors used to say things like 'another one for Sharkey' [meaning any old warship] or 'she's paying off and going to Sharkey's Yard' for their own warship!

48. Before WW1, huge teams of horses worked the streets of many industrial areas hauling scrap metal from broken-up ships to various company's responsible for producing new from old. When WW1 broke out many of these horse were sent to the front in France and Belgium creating a major problem especially when one hundred tons per day were required at the processing furnaces, roller-works and moulding yards. The main processing was done in the Sheffield area. They found a new animal to replaces horses. What type of animal was it and what was its name.

49.  NAME TWO  British Admiral murdered in Eire by the IRA.

50.  Less than two years before WW2 broke out, the British Prime Minister whilst on holiday died at sea in a posh ocean liner whilst on holiday. His body was landed at Bermuda and was brought home to ENGLAND by a British warship

Question. Who was the PM, the month of the incident and which ship performed this duty?

51.  Just like post WW2 in 1949, our ships patrolled the Yangtse River in China just as we did pre WW2. In two separate incidences two British warships were trapped in that river for many a long day until they were able to escape to the open sea. HMS Amethyst [a frigate] was shelled by the PLA [Peoples Liberation Army] Communist Chinese and was trapped for what became known as the 101 days siege resulting in many dead and injured. It was a world wide incident. Before the war the Chinese Republican authorities impeded the passage of a less well known British warship in the river, not involving gunfire and therefore not resulting in any casualties. 

Question. In  what year - how did the impediment manifest itself - and what was the name and type of the warship ?

52.  Question.  Who was the commanding officer who took the Royal Yacht Britannia from the builders yard having over-seen its fitting out and debugging, its constructor sea-trials, its naval sea-trials, its Portland work-up and first voyage to the Mediterranean and what was his nickname ?

53. What does the nautical saying "spoken with" refer to ?

54.  We all know about the iron clads [Warrior in particular] which was untested, had a small gunnery set etc, built as a new class of warship to 'frighten off' our traditional maritime enemies, but rarely [if at all] do we hear or read about the famous old sail ships of the line which were converted to steam/sail ships, by simply adding in engines and boilers to the existing hull! Some were very large vessels packing-a-punch, and putting to one side that they had wooden hulls without the protection of iron clading and as such more vulnerable to shells than was a purpose built iron-clad,  their gunnery power of a mixture between shells and shot, was enough collectively to do more damage to the enemy than the early iron clads of the 1860's. 

The last of these ships-of-the-line to be converted to [S] = Steam, was the HMS Bombay an 81 gunner, done in Chatham Yard.

My question is,  which of these giants of sail having the greatest number of guns was chosen for  the [S] conversion?  It is in excess of 100 guns!  Answer HMS........................

55. In what month of what year did HMTE Shotley become HMS Ganges

56.  A dog called Judy was taken as the only animal/pet British POW in 1942 by the Japanese. She was a dear pet of a British warship. What was the ships name? She was awarded the Dickin Medal.

57.  What was the name of the British naval commander who owned the very ship he was appointed to command ?

58.   In WW1 and for many years after one could be decorated with a MOBE. What does MOBE stand for and what is todays equivalent?

59.   In the 1920's and 30's period there was little to no competitors of any worth in this field of sport in the navy! That continues right through today, albeit with a few peaks and troughs, and yet another part of the navy has had much higher peaks and troughs, and are widely represented in the tri-Service theatre and occasionally at national competitors. What are those two divisions and what is the sporting field ?

60.  You will have heard of a Japanese Kamikaze as used in WW2 against allied shipping, usually warships and not merchant ships. But what do you know about another Japanese expression called a Tokkoki, also designed to be used in WW2 as an aggressive device?

61. During WW2, the Allies grouped together their Air Forces to form a Strategic Air Command [SAC] active in the Far East, to fight the Japanese empire.  It was disbanded after the defeat of the cruel Japanese nation. Sometime later on, a NATO-funded new SAC was formed to keep check on the Warsaw Pact in what became known as the Cold War. NATO means North Atlantic Treaty Organisation [no specific country mentioned] whereas the Warsaw Pact was formed after an agreement taken in Poland's capital Warsaw, and includes a humongous land-mass then called the Soviet Union plus seven countries which were Hungry, Poland, Romania, Albania, East Germany, Bulgaria, and Czechoslovakia. When was it disbanded?

62. The day before Nagasaki was nuked i.e., on the 8th August 1945, an event occurred which had the potential of sidelining an atomic bomb [even two, for Hiroshima was nuked first], with all their collective  horrors, which had it come to fruition would have dealt Japan an infinitely greater punishment than probably several atomic bombs could have done. What was the event?

63. In WW2 who was Colonel Warden ? 

64. Many British warships carried VIP's from and to the UK for various reasons in the 1940's and 50's, and some were Kings, Queens and Emperors. The President of the USA was one such person although he was neither one of these, and HMS Devonshire rescued the King of Norway and his family plus leading politicians from the invading Nazi's bringing him to the UK [Glasgow] from Tromso for the whole duration of WW2. One ship, a cruiser, brought the Emperor of Ethiopia from Malta to Portsmouth and that was just for a state visit, although others in his entourage visited several areas of the UK,  one, to HMS Ganges. What ship was it?

65.    Captain Eric Bush was a CO of HMS Ganges at one time, almost I should think,  to give him a rest from his tireless combat roles!  He was recorded "as a true naval warrior", was  present at many of the naval battles of WW1 and WW2 and won for himself MID's [several] a DSC and no less that three DSO's. During his life time he was feted for one of his awards, and now deceased [1985 when aged 87] he still holds a record for being the youngest officer in regard to it.........! What was that event?........And,  whilst on the subject of HMS Ganges, when I joined, for the first six weeks all boys were directed to a mini-barracks called the Annexe before going on to HMS Ganges proper which was called "the Main." My Annexe Mess was called  Beatty and specifically Beatty Two Mess - there were two in all. It had a common entrance turning left into ONE mess and right into TWO mess, so two messes with just one roof.  Back in 1953, in the common entrance, was the following picture. 

Copyright IWM Q68652.

Who are the two males and what are their surnames.  The flag ships name is obvious from the life buoy hanging on the bulkhead behind them?

66.  In 1984 a warship in build/launched/commissioned at Cammell Laird of Birkenhead, plus other builds in the yard not related to MOD[N] Contracts, was the subject of a yard employee industrial walk-out over redundancies at the yard, which ended up with the high court jailing the men involved. To a man they refused to bow to the court and became hero's of the extreme leftwing Liverpool ruling council who voted to award these men honours such as the freedom of the City after their jail sentence had expired. Which warship was it?

67.  The following men have more than one thing in common. Can you name two? Allan Grimson, Dennis Nilsen, John Christie, Kallum Delaney and Eric Russell?

68.  <U BALD MAN>  is an anagram formed from two words in the Greek alphabet relating to electronic emissions. List each one and say what specific function each has in the emissions?

69.  You are asked  to choose a YES or NO answer to the following entries 1 to 6, or, when not offered that choice,  a relevant answer.

1.The total amount of naval VC's awarded since conception are 170 - Yes or No
2.Those VC's issued for naval valour,  the RNR and RNVR have been awarded the most numerically, leaving the  RN with  the least - Yes or No
3.That 23 VC's of all issues have been stolen or mysteriously disappeared -Yes No
4.That of the total issued, three people have have won a bar to their VC - Yes or No
5.Only one combative serviceman won the VC and Bar [two VC's]- Yes or No
6.Who were the others who won the VC and Bar - List them by service and branch

 70. All seas on the globe are bounded by a land mass except for one. Which is it?  It is a sea and as such needs defined boundaries. How are the boundaries made manifest for this sea?

71.  In naval terms, what is a "cocked hat"?  Is it a useful thing/object, and where might one find one?

72.  Naval punishments!  Neither guilty nor innocent.  What one word was used on a punishment return to indicate this table finding?

73.  Gibraltar was always a tease in the RN, for if one were to relate that they had been to or where once stationed on the rock, the retort from so-called seasoned sailors, was "I have passed there going foreign" presupposing that Gibraltar wasn't - foreign that is at least by distance from the UK!

According to legend, if Gibraltar's Barbary macaques ever leave the rock, it will cease to be a British territory. In 1942, the number of apes living there dwindled to a dangerously small handful.  Not wishing to tempt fate, what reaction did Churchill take to bolster numbers?

74.  In the 1950 many of us were engaged in some form or other fighting our many enemies around the word. Believe me, we were not a very popular country. One of my 'small wars; was Cyprus when we were plagued with Greek terrorists. The Organisation we faced was called EOKA. What did those letters stand for and who was the recognised leader?

75.  In the late 19th century Portsmouth Harbour had two great ships anchored in the harbour for years on end, and well into the 1st quarter of the 20th century. One, and the most important of the two vessels was the Victory.  Naval history has polarised our thoughts and minds into thinking that the Victory was always moored over on the Gosport side of the harbour, but this was not the case. For an even longer period she was moored on the Portsmouth side and was the active flag ship of the Admiral Superintendent [AS] Portsmouth. Over on the Gosport side was the second vessel I have mentioned in the same place as we associated with the Victory. She was moved and the Victory took her place on the Gosport side. Her name became famous in the dockyard in the vicinity of  Unicorn Gate/Fountains Lake Jetty which preceded the word "PONTOON". What was the name of this ship?


76.  V30 was a German torpedo boat and at the end of WW1 was surrendered to the British in the UK. Submarines were surrendered to Harwich and other surface units to the Firth of Forth, before a massive fleet-sail to Scapa Flow [surface fleet] and to Londonderry/ Malin Head  for submarines. V30 never made that rendezvous: why?

77. What is the definition of a "Capital Ship" ?

78. Historically [we don't have them today nor for may long years past] when considering "other categories of ships", which of these limitations describe the warship known as a cruiser.

a. to have a displacement of <10,000 tons - b. to have fewer that four main armament turrets - c. to have guns of less than 12-inch calibre - d. to have guns no greater than 8-inch calibre ?

79. When I joined the navy in 1953 I was given the letter 'D' as a prefix letter for my official number. It assigned me to the West Country Depot of DEVONPORT, and in those days one's fortunes were depot-orientated,  meaning that your Welfare [for compassionate leave etc] was adjudged by Devonport's Welfare Officers; you  were paid, drafted, promoted, placed on courses, trained in depot signal schools known more correctly at STC's [Signal Training Centres] - Devonport's was called STC St Budeaux - examined professionally to the Leading Hand rate [BUT all courses and examinations for petty officer were conducted in the The Signal School at Leydene],  and documented for all master copies of Certificates which included SC's and medical/dental documentation, and perhaps the most important of all, Rosters and one's position on them. Each Depot [Chatham, Portsmouth and Devonport] maintained their own lists for promotions, and when the lists were full, promotion stopped for the rate you were qualified for and expecting, whereas, it might continue in another Depot. This was grossly unfair, because one might be drafted to the Signal School for a professional course for Petty Officer Telegraphist [name changed in 1958 to Radio Supervisor] along with leading telegraphists from other Depots, but promotions to PO Tel's on say Portsmouth's Roster might mean a Portsmouth rating  gets promoted up to eighteen months before say a Devonport rating etc.

So to the associated question. Inside Portsmouth's dockyard there is a road called JAGO road. In the West Country,  the RNB [from 1934 HMS Drake and previously HMS Vivid after the name of the then C-in-C Plymouth's yacht] is known as Jago's Mansions, that is, it was first applied to HMS Vivid and continued at the 1934 name change into HMS Drake folklaw!  Why are they both [Portsmouth and Devonport] so named or so called [after whom]? Integral to the foregoing, what innovation started in HMS Vivid which very soon afterwards spread pan navy?

80.  Today, few people in the know, would baulk at me saying that the Royal Navy of the 21th century is well paid [salary + perks] has free flowing promotion prospects right to the very top if capable, has excellent family welfare facilities, excellent access to medical services, excellent pensions and pension rights, and is generally considered by many as being the first of two careers/jobs in one's working life, many ending up retired with a good regular inflation linked pension income from various sources.  It wasn't always that way even in my time in the Service [1953-1984] and it certainly wasn't going way back in time and history. In the 17th-19th century it was manifestly the very opposite to the positives I have claimed for it above! Ignoring the major 20th century naval mutiny at Invergordon which was over pay [and a massive pay cut] and conditions, the late 18th century  mutinies were far more invidious with many greater repercussions, bearing in mind that we were at war with France/Spain at the time, and whilst openly winning at sea, we were struggling against Napoleon's massive land armies ashore.  I always remember an instructor officer giving a lecture to Ganges boys on the the 18th century disaffection which culminated with him telling us that shortly we would be given official numbers [for most of our time at Shotley everything to do with who we were involved ships book numbers, so all we had to remember were four figures, and not the six [+two prefix letters] of the official number. He told us that given the choice [and there was no choice!] we should go for, in order, the Portsmouth Depot, followed by the Devonport Depot and finally the Chatham Depot - eventually I got that Portsmouth prefix when I left the surface fleet to join the submarine fleet in the late 50's.  His rationale was that Portsmouth was the premier naval port and had most of the navy's intelligent personnel based there, Devonport was the prettiest {?} and Chatham the oldest with the most to say for itself much of it being derogatory, fallacious and downright bloody dangerous.   These mutinies [three in number but all time related] started in Portsmouth at Spithead, closely followed by Devonport and finally, the worst of all at Chatham, the Nore Command. In brief, Spithead was all about pay and conditions, leave and food, and had many friends for the cause as well as shrewd officers wanting the best outcome. It finished as abruptly as it had started and became known as  "the Breeze at Spithead". The men agreed first and foremost that as soon as a Frenchie was sighted they were stop their strike and strike the enemy to a point of destruction after which they would resume the mutiny. From beginning to end at Spithead, it was a well planned mutiny, controlled by a few, with no aggression to officers, keeping only to an agreed agenda, and by and large they made good headway into putting things to right in the ships wardrooms, the Admiralty and in Parliament. The Admiralty independently sentenced men to death and other punishments  for breaking the Articles of War but a Royal Pardon was given to all those men sentenced and none was punished. 

Those in Devonport also kept it focused on pay, conditions and excessive punishments and followed Spithead's lead, harassed known cruel officers but did not harm them physically, and when Spithead finished their strike [mutiny] Devonport followed suit some days later. Nevertheless, fourteen men were sentenced to death, probably because they continued their mutiny after the terms for Spithead were made known, and hundreds received amongst them thousands of lashes and were branded men for all time thereafter. It seems rather strange therefore, that history records the mutiny as concerning the Spithead and Nore Commands only? 

That left the Nore [Chatham] but this mutiny [which came after Spithead/Devonport]  was very different and almost wholly political. For example, they wanted the King to abdicate and for GB to become a republic; for peace to be made instantaneously with the French who at that time had the upper-hand in the war, so in effect, a surrender; to disband the government and much else leading to such a point that the prime minister William Pitt the Younger blew his top! He ordered rapid and draconian punishments be meted out to the ring leaders and twenty nine men swung from the yard arms of a whole host of resident warships. Had the Nore followed the lead set by Spithead [intelligent Portsmouth ratings] the lower deck would have won far more changes to their wretched lives than was the case, and moreover, on the calming of the 'Breeze at Spithead' when both the Admiralty and the Government were at their most agreeable states, the Nore soured their final reactions and all lower decks of the three Depots were blighted unfairly for another fifty-odd years.

Now to my question.

A certain flag used by the Admiralty in times of war played a leading role in Spithead and in Devonport. What was it. How and why was it used. What was the alternative used at the Nore?

81. With your 'navy thinking cap' on, where in London, would you find the big hitting 'R' [or Romeo] Twins, and what are they?

82.  A two part question. Part 1. Assuming that you joined the navy on your 18th birthday or BEFORE your 18th birthday, how old would you be if you served long enough to be awarded a clasp to your LSGC Medal? Part 2. If you saw a commissioned officer wearing a naval LSGC Medal, what would this tell you about his overall naval service, and after what minimum age would he have been when  he proudly donned his first stripe? Remember, only officers wore stripes; ratings wore badges!

83. Apart from the Cross worn by a Padre,  what other reference with a religious connotation is manifest in the Royal Navy for all to see?

84. Given that the definition of the word 'maritime' is

"connected with the sea, especially in relation to seaborne trade or naval matters"

 you must all acknowledge that London was for generations the largest port in Great Britain [and still in 2016, is far in advance of Southampton and Liverpool on movements and trading figures] and at one time in Europe, quite possibly in the world, connected of course directly to the North Sea! That said, and hopefully agreed, the conduit was Old Father Thames, and as such London was [and still is] a maritime city port.
So, first off, a little introduction to refresh your knowledge of London before I ask you a pointed question. The oldest thing in London dates from approximately 3500 years ago and is Cleopatra's Needle, called that simply because it came from Alexandria in Egypt which was Cleopatra's royal patch!  Next comes the old Roman Wall, still evident in a few places in the City of London, defined as an area north of a line running through the middle of the River west to east,  as shown in this picture

having post codes of EC1,2,3 and 4, and WC1 and 2 in the main. This dates from AD 45 onwards. Next up,  is the White Tower in the Tower of London complex dating from 1078. And finally in my short list of antiquities, comes Westminster Abbey we know today, built from 1245 onwards.

Now the question. What is the oldest maritime related building, object, facility, structure, function, inter alia in London and from very approximately,  what year? --- a certain notorious King's Coronation date will suffice! Clue,  it was made of stone [predominately] and wood, but obviously only the original stone work is still in place!

85. Smoking in the navy? Boy's service. Reference QR&AI of 1953 [the year I joined HMS Ganges] there had been a marked acceptance that fifteen year old boy's smoked whenever the opportunity arose and pocket money stretched that far:  however it was frowned upon and at no time encouraged or condoned.   In 1949, boys undergoing Part 1 training in a BTE [boys training establishment Ganges, St Vincent and elsewhere]  were expressly forbidden to smoke at any time and would be punished if caught breaking that law. Repeated offences could lead to six cuts across the buttocks of 1st class boys with a cane. Seamen boys stayed in Ganges for twelve months whereas communicator boys stayed for fifteen months. That meant that both groups were serving in the fleet and nearly always at sea, when aged sixteen, although all were drafted into supplementary billets and not into complement billets.

Thus the question -  at what age did one need to be to be allowed to draw tobacco coupons and thereafter to purchase tobacco for personal use assuming the rules allowed e.g. an outfit similar to Ganges above didn't over-rule the navy's general rule? This purchase was from the navy via the SLOP Room  for "blue liners" or from the NAAFI aboard a commissioned sea-going vessel for "HM Ships Only" - all fags of course - but other tobacco products were available - tickler and pipe!

Other ages were important,  and one received a first promotion from BOY rate to ORDINARY rate when 17½; became a man officially for naval purposes when 18 allowing one to go to war, to count each day of service  as a credit towards a career pension and to receive a second promotion to the ABLE rate if qualified; became a man when 20 for rum issue purposes, and a man proper in the eyes of parliament when 21, when the so called coming-of-age allowed one to vote and do all manner of things without parents approval or signature, plus a privileged position of being able to draw a marriage allowance which officers couldn't claim until they were 25!

86. Obviously the government had constructed a table of sorts of DAYS of WW2 events. For example D-DAY was perhaps the best known DAY-DATE which was the mass attack on the European main land on the 6th June 1944 via the beaches of Normandy, France.

What DAY letter was assigned to the launch of MOBILISATION for the start of WW2 in September 1939?

87. In WW2,  three world leaders died within a score of days!  Who were they?

88. From my boyhood days watching those magnificent cowboy movies aplenty, I grew up to know that those baddie Red Indians had always a good chief willing to smoke the peace-pipe with the goodie US cavalry generals in a pow wow, but always there was a young buck in the tribe wanting to continue the war against the blue-coats, this despite the wisdom of the old chiefs. It taught me that a war was never over, differences never resolved, until a peace treaty was signed by the warring parties and made law [in this case] in the US Senate, which of course side-lined any recalcitrant group [on either side] from re-stoking the fire, leading to further open war, or just as bad, to guerilla warfare.

Why am I saying this?

Our WW2 enemies known as the Axis Forces, can be likened to a war with three tribes in this case the Pawnee Germans, the Apache Italians and the Sioux Japs. This meant that to conclude the WAR, three quite separate PEACE TREATIES had to be drafted, agreed and set in international law before the Axis alliance of nations could be considered conquered.  The Italian surrender of 1943 was easy to deal with, the Italians themselves dispatching Musolini and his gang of thugs.  The German surrender, once they realised that it was unconditional or not at all, was also relatively simple although our government papers show that much force was applied by the Allies to make this arrogant nation see sense, and to make sure that a nation responsible for millions upon millions of deaths in two wars caused by it, would never again be allowed to be strong militarily.  It is well known that Germany engineered the concept of the EU to make sure that any little-Hitler lurking in the back streets of Berlin, could never again come to prominence! In the end, they agreed to all the Allied terms and fully capitulated, signing-off the war, but dragging its feet for a considerable lengthy period on the reparation front.  For Japan, forced by atomic bombs and before them,  an almost total destruction of Tokyo by conventional aerial bombing into total submission, agreed to all Allied demands as long as they could keep their Emperor on his Throne.  This, the Allies agreed to and the way should have been clear to signing a peace treaty, again laced with a reparation debt impossible to fund and pay, and after all their known war criminals had been cornered, tried, and had had their necks stretched.

For various reasons, that treaty was still in draft form awaiting the final signatures of the UK and the USA for  a protracted period after hostilities had ceased, meaning that Japan was technically still at war and that WW2 was extant in the East, possibly funded and certainly sympathised with by former Axis Powers men-at-arms!

Today, we in the UK,  OFFICIALLY celebrate the ending of WW2 on a common date of the 10th July [instead of having a separate  VE and VJ day although that habit continues], but in truth, if Peace Treaties are worth more than just lip service, we are way off mark with our celebrations. So question.

Whilst we all agree that for us the war OFFICIALLY started 3rd September 1939, when do you think the OFFICIAL end of WW2 was. Was it in 1947, 1949, 1951-52 or 1955?

89. Two very famous Christian ladies are buried together in the Devonport Cemetery called Western Mill at Camels Head, which is but a few brisk marching paces from the gates of HMS Drake RNB Devonport. One is famous for her time in Portsmouth and the other for her time in Devonport. They were both in the edification business [same as education, but with transparent differences] geared to Royal Sailors.  An anagram of their Christian names is 'SS HOPE AGAIN'. What were the names and what were their surnames? What were they famous for?

90. In question 79 above, we compared the names of JAGO known to both Portsmouth and Devonport. In this question we do the same but change the name to JAGGER.

All of you with an official number beginning with the letter 'D' will know of the inherent dislike of one another of Devon and Cornish men frequenting the environs of Devonport Dockyard/Naval Base: the Cornish men came daily via the Torpoint Ferry to England to work, and hurriedly legged it back home when the dockyard siren sounded at the end of the day. I say England and mean it,  for it is well known that the Cornish have their own flag, language and dearly wish to be considered a separate country attached to the mainland of the UK - nothing more!  That they can never achieve that status is apparent, for they have absolutely nothing save for what the maker of the universe deemed appropriate for the arse-end of the mainland - enviable though it is - but like a car is useless without fuel, Cornwall is useless without tourists who crowd their patch and come from the rest of the UK.  As such, the UK minus Cornwall thrives through thick and thin, whereas Cornwall just couldn't survive without us NON-JAGGERS. Already now you now know that Jaggers are Cornish people [and mighty strange too] but you might not know that people of  Plymouth [ergo Devonport] are called Janners and from my experiences, very much British, or should I say English?  Plymouth,  by any standard, is a lovely city and one doesn't have to fight a million idiots in cars trying to get into a tiny space [Cornwall] designed for, well, a hundred or so cars if they are not all Chelsea Tractors! By the way, out of the sheer kindness of our hearts, we dumped HMS Raleigh in Cornwall just the other side of the River Tamar from Devonport itself,  to help keep the Cornish coffer ticking over,  and also gave them a bit of sky-noise in allowing them to pay host to the RN at Culdrose. Thus, Cornwall has much to thank the Royal Navy for, BUT DOESN'T!

Fast forwarding to the East to Portsmouth, a less attractive city to that of Plymouth but a city with a big heart and an endearing population, not to mention a naval history par excellence, to look for the name JAGGER anew.

These lovely words are indirectly associated with him:-


Portsmouth [and Southsea is an integral part of that City], Plymouth and Chatham all have fine naval war memorials designed by Sir Robert Lorimer and sculptured by Henry Poole, built to commemorate the war dead of the Great War with later additions to remember those who perished in WW2. In the case of Portsmouth, it commemorates the 10,000 dead of WW1 and the 15,000 dead of WW2. From experience, the vast majority of naval personnel and certainly the visitors to the City, rightly revere this beautiful memorial but appear to be oblivious to Portsmouth's own naval war memorial which was opened in 1921 three years before the Southsea memorial. This, in itself, creates complications when searching for the dead.

However, before continuing the story line, the Question to be answered?  Charles Sergeant Jagger was a sculpture of great renown and sculptured many fine works of art. On the Portsmouth City WW1 War Memorial better known as Guildhall Square Cenotaph [and every village, town and city in the land has one, a cenotaph that is] there are two pieces of his work which are breath-taking for their magnificence. Jagger died in 1934 before WW2 so they are very special. They are often used in programmes printed for major ceremonial events as event marker points. What are they?

In WW1 alone, the naval depot of Portsmouth lost 6,000 men from all corners of the UK and Commonwealth. The dead of those navy men and women actually from Portsmouth proper as their home town,  shows the names of 890 men and 3 women, and the reason that they are on the monument is that there were either born or born and  bred in the city, or that they were resident in it when war broke out, or that they owned property in the city when war broke out. Their remembrance viz WW1 only, is in the hands of the City and not in the hands of the CWGC [Commonwealth War Graves Commission].*

The naval war memorial on Southsea Common remembers just over 25,000 men and women, all in the care of the CWGC and all were either lost or have the sea as their graves, both groups known only unto God. None of those on the Guildhall Square Cenotaph is shown on the Naval war memorial, even though many of them have no known graves. As mentioned above, the Guildhall Square Cenotaph was completed and opened in 1921 so there was ample time for the CWGC [in WW1 days known as the Imperial War Graves Commission - IWGC] to liaise with the City Elders as to who should or shouldn't be added to the Cenotaph opened on the Common in 1924. It is therefore paramount that when searching for the navy dead of the Portsmouth Command that both Cenotaph's are consulted! 

*As for the additions for WW2, the names of men and women from or living in Portsmouth at the outbreak of WW2, are in most cases on both of Portsmouth's main Cenotaphs, City as well as CWGC. As an example of this, take  Leading Stoker Victor Henry Adams PKX 75215 who died in the Hood on the 24th May 1941 when aged 33; he  was married and had lived with his wife Gladys Irene in Eastney Portsmouth before Hood's final farewell from Portsmouth.  He is therefore fittingly remembered as a crew member of the Hood [band of brothers] and also as a resident of the proud citizen of Portsmouth.

91.  Victualling the navy after the haphazard methodical approach of the Commonwealth Navy [in Oliver Cromwell's day as the 1st Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland] became one of the largest corporate organisation in the UK headed up by the largest victualling depot of them all, namely that at Deptford,  London.  It provided beer, spirits, meat [live animals and slaughtered animals salted on site], other food stuffs, tobacco products, indirectly coal and later oil, sail cloth, masts and spars, anchors and chains, hemp and manila rope products [later wire products] etc etc to the Royal Dockyards at Deptford, Sheerness, Chatham, Greenwich, Gibraltar and to other outlets in the Portsmouth and Plymouth areas,  and eventually after an almost continuous build programme,  occupied in excess of 35 acres. Rather surprisingly it had no Royal Patronage. During Cromwell's time, an Army General was appointed to "steer" the newly fashioned navy and he became known in history as "the father of the navy".  He was an admiral as well as a general!  QUESTION A of question 91  - What was his name?

Staying with victualling.  It took an enormous period of our history from the Restoration of the Monarchy until the first quarter of the 19th century  -  1660-1820 = 160 years before the overbearing load on Deptford [still the chief and only central victualling yard now with commitments for the army too,  and still without Royal Patronage] started to relax when they built the victualling depot at Gosport for the Portsmouth Command and the victualling depot at Stonehouse Devonport for the Plymouth Command.  They immediately got Royal Patronage. QUESTION B of Section 91 - As a gesture to a former RN officer, they named them both after one man, in modern times rather like calling our new carrier [the one with NOTHING TO CARRY?] HMS Queen Elizabeth and the other lame-duck,  HMS Princess Elizabeth instead of the POW.  Who was this man - state both his titles - and say the name he was known as pan-UK right up to his death? So that's three names/titles required please, all pointing to one man.

The Gosport Yard became as well known for Royal Use as much as it did for victualling and supplying the navy using both Portsmouth and Gosport naval facilities [bases, hospital, official RN cemetery at Clayhall and various  barracks] for HM Queen Victoria was regularly ferried from Osborne House on the Isle of Wight to Gosport's victualling yard, and from there direct  by train to Windsor. On her death, her body was transferred from the Island in the Royal Yacht and rested overnight in the Royal Train parked in the Gosport victualling yard until first light the following morning when it would leave for Windsor and Eton railway station, while HM King Edward VII, the German Kaiser and several other VIP's slept in the Yacht at anchor off the Yard.

In 1858, having been the monarch for 21 years, she visited the victualling yard at Deptford, now much smaller and less frenetic and after the visit they formally named it the Royal Victoria Victualling Yard. Not bad really, as it only took them 198 years to get their act together, meaning that it could have been named from the restoration namely to be the Royal King Charles II etc and AMEN on section 91 of the quiz!

92. POLITICAL SECTION!  In 1956, the government [Tory - Anthony Eden],  his defence minister Sir Walter Monckton, and the Admiralty [First Lord Jim Thomas 1st Viscount Cilcennin/First Sea Lord Admiral Mountbatten who resigned over the Suez War] between them changed the navy to such an extent that keeping up with the changes occupied many minds. QUESTION Can you name at least FOUR things that were changed or replaced in the new Royal Navy?

Continuing question 92. The pay rises for the navy were irregular and modest to poor during the mid to late 1960's. The pay rise due in 1969 did not materialise at all.  However come mid 1970 there was a general election and we soon were aware that the outgoing prime minister who had delayed the 69 pay rise because of MAJOR CHANGES in the armed forces, gave us a massive gift, which sadly for him at least, left the new prime minister to announce it and so he and not the architect got the glory. Who were the respective leaders of the outgoing and incoming governments, and what was the central theme of the gift. Three answers required.

Continuing question 92.  A repeat of false glory occurred again in 1979 when the incoming prime minister got heaps of glory for accepting in full the recommendations of the AFPRB brokered and accepted in principle by the outgoing PM.  The gift was a pay rise!  Heaps of glory suggest it was worth having but what do you think it was? Was it a pay rise of 10%, 20%, 30% or more than 30% ?  Again, who had done the spade-work and who  took the honors?   Three answers again please!

93.  Arguably, the longest river in the UK which is in England is just a tad, twice the length of a more famous nautical river elsewhere in GB. Name both?

94.  There are 31 nautical terms in this word puzzle. They run horizontally, vertically or diagonally, but only in a straight lines. Every letter is used at least once. Can you name them all?

95.  Whilst writing this quiz, the news of little Louis, the third child and second son of TRH The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge was made known in the public domain. Just thought I would say well done to Kate and William for using the name Louis, and I am sure that Norton Knatchbull, the 3rd Earl  Mountbatten of Burma, grandson of Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma will be absolutely delighted to know that the name will continue in the Royal Family.  I was going to stand up and sing the national anthem, but instead I thought I would ask you a question. Who wrote the words for this current national anthem and where does the tune for it come from? Also, are you aware of the lyrics of the national anthem at the time of King George II, namely  KING_GEORGE_II_BRITISH_NATIONAL_ANTHEM.html ?

96.  Our chief stoker is always on the make, growing his back pocket stash at every opportunity. We are alongside the wall in Pompey and his local bookie has laid down the odds on six of the horses in a seven horse race down the road at Fontwell Park on the A27 which are:-

No1 - 4 to 1 against
No2 - 4 to 1 against
No3 - 4 to 1 against
No4 - 5 to 1 against
No5 - 6 to 1 against
No6 - 7 to 1 against
No7 - ?

What odds should he give on the 7th horse in order to give him approximately 20% margin of profit?

97. Created especially as a PDF so that the viewer can use the Adobe magnifier if necessary,  is this picture of the  KINGS NAVY.pdf.  It is a picture from 1936 and is self evident of the uncrowned King Edward VIII, but can you see anything wrong with it, apart from the pieces missing from this much handled magazine and its threadbare front cover?  Ignore the fact that both ships are underway and are flying a Union Jack,  which we will put down to poetic licence!

98.  What was the name of the ONLY aircraft carrier built in a UK naval dockyard and which yard? What was her fate post WW2? What was the name of the last warship built at this same yard?

99.  As a very young [16 year old] sparker I well remember an occasion where, with others, I was "told off" [an expression used in the navy for ordering people to do certain jobs/functions, long ago now disused] as a humping-party for guests of my commanding officer.  I recall that they brought with them all kinds of holiday contraptions including camping equipment, and two small dinghy's which couldn't be accommodated at their holiday inn, but could be, and were, on naval property close by, courtesy of a  PSTN {Principal Sea Transport Officer} pussers lorry.  They were staying in very smart hotel called the Pennsylvania Castle.  Now if you know where a foreign Pennsylania Avenue is located, then surely you will know, as a Royal Sailor, where this Castle is?

100. Where, in the environs of the Portsmouth Command [both sides of the harbour], is/was a thoroughfare colloquially called "DEAD MAN'S LANE or ROAD",  and what does it relate to?