THE DEMISE OF JAPAN IN AUGUST 1945

An exceedingly interesting article written by K.R. PARK, a British Air Chief Marshal, Allied Air Commander-in-Chief South East Asia in August 1946.

Recommended as a must read for all who have served in the Far East and know the areas of Hong Kong and Singapore plus others, and their histories at anytime after Pearl Harbour up to Japan's total, humiliating and decisive defeat, which saw them humbled when forced into signing an unconditional surrender. He tells of a period when Japan had no other way out other than a surrender after they had been subjected to regular bombings of all areas of their mainland, particularly the fire-bombing of Tokyo. The two nuclear bombs, and the very real and feasible invasion of their home land by Allied amphibious forces and airborne divisions by the score, an evolution awaiting a commanders order to go, but perhaps their greatest threat of Armageddon was that the day before Nagasaki was bombed [9th August], Russia entered the war against Japan and they had already amassed their land forces for an attack as close as Korea - see para 321. This story is little known although quite why is difficult to understand, after all, when the Allies in Europe had defeated Germany, we turned our full attention to the Far East to assist the USA in their defeat of the Japanese: in the same spirit Russia did exactly the same!   Just in case you misinterpret that last statement, I am in no way or manner undermining the sacrifices made by the British and the Commonwealth in the fight against the Japanese, I am talking specifically about the final thrust which was largely an American initiative!  In this case the potential for the full might of the Red Army was poised just 600 miles away across the Sea of Japan [from Pohang Korea]  and but 700 miles by air from Seoul to Tokyo for the Russian air force. Had that Russian invasion occurred the consequences for Japan would have been infinitely greater than an atomic bomb! It is obvious to me, even though I am conscious that my head is above the parapet and could well be shot at, that the Japanese might well have been, in a grossly perverse way, grateful for the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki for it saved them from something far worse - think about the German civilian population in and around Berlin in April and May 1945. Also we mustn't forget 1905 when the Japanese defeated the Russians in their war of that year: was it pay-back time?
Note also para 329. The Japanese soldiers fighting in lands far away from Japan had in the main in 1945  lost their venom for their enemy but also their fanatic love and devotion for their country.
For those back in Japan and in close by Japanese owned territory, the fanaticism for their country and hate of the Allies never dwained. This was best demonstrated when the Japanese delegation for the surrender left Japan enroute to Okinawa,  their own fighter aircraft shot at the passenger aircraft in an effort to stop the surrender negotiations - incidentally, there were to be absolutely NO NEGOTIATIONS as it was an UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER. When the aircraft returned with the surrender terms for Government signature, they gingerly appoached Japan in total darkness!
Paragraphs 451 to 468 make very interesting reading! Note in particular the word TOKKOKI in Paragraph 453 - Kamikaze,  yes, but this, no!
The section called Maintenance covered by paragraphs 469 to 488 is an eye-opener and I have never seen this raised as such a contentious issue before!

An easy to read document told in numbered paragraphs, but be warned about some of the acronyms used, for they are often explained some way after first encountering them.

The capitulation of Japanese forces and their unconditional surrender to the Allies.pdf