WAR PENSION SCHEME ANNUAL STATISTICS, 1 APRIL 2008 - 31 MARCH 2013

INTRODUCTION

1. This annual National Statistics Notice provides summary statistics on

claims, awards and recipients of pensions, allowances or other payments

under the War Pension Scheme where disablement or death occurred as

a result of Service prior to 6 April 2005.

2. The Armed Forces and Reserve Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS)

came into force on 6 April 2005 to pay compensation for injury, illness or

death caused by Service on or after that date.

3. This report provides figures for claims registered and awards made over

the latest five financial years 2008/09 to 2012/13. Some tables show a

snapshot of the number of pensions in payment as at 31 March 2013.

Details of the time period covered by each table are presented in the List

of Tables on page 3. This report updates the previous notice for War

Pensions Statistics as at 31 March 2012, released on 7 June 2012.

4. This report has been provided in response to the increasing number of

requests for information about claims and awards under the scheme, and

the number of individuals currently in receipt of War Pensions. A range of

information is requested including further details of claims and awards (e.g.

by claim type or outcome) and further information on those awarded

compensation (e.g. age, sex or Service). The report is used by external

organisations such as NHS trusts, local Government and Armed Forces

charities. The report is also used to support other MOD departments in

work planning and policy development.

5. The following areas of information are covered in the report:

·         Current recipients of War Pensions, with information presented

by pension type, level of disablement, demographic information

and financial information. This is provided to give a better picture

of the type of people currently in receipt of compensation. Time

trends are also provided to demonstrate the decreasing level of

recipients under the scheme.

·         Number of claims, awards and appeals under the scheme, with

information presented by scheme type, claim/appeal type,

outcome and disablement percentage. This information is

provided to show the volume of claims that are dealt with under

the scheme, to show the success rates associated with each type

of claim and appeal, and to show the key trends over time.

6. Information on WPS claims and awards that are made between 1 April

2013 and 31 March 2014 will be reported in the next publication in June

2014.

7. Defence Statistics have recently carried out internal and external customer

consultations on the WPS National Statistic. A full summary of the consultations and planned changes to the report will be published soon.

8. Further information on the WPS can be found at the following links: https://www.gov.uk/pensions-and-compensation-for-veterans and http://www.veterans-uk.info/pensionscompensation.htm.

9. Defence Statistics also publish information on Armed Forces Pension, War Pension and Armed Forces

Compensation recipients by location is published separately {see pension.xls above}. This is available

KEY POINTS

10. As at 31 March 2013:

·         127,590 War Disablement Pensioners (DPs) were receiving an on-going pension. This represents a

decrease of 5% (n=6,840) since 31 March 2012. This is expected as there are fewer people joining

the scheme as injuries and illness since 6 April 2005 will now be eligible under the AFCS.

·         24,415 War Widow(er)s (WWs) were receiving an on-going pension. This represents a decrease of

7% (n=1,960) since 31 March 2012. (Table 1.1)

·         Approximately five out of six Disablement Pensioners (86%) received pensions at or below the 50%

level of disablement (as part of the claim process, a doctor assesses a claimants level of

disablement by comparing with an able-bodied healthy person of the same age and sex). The

largest group of claimants were awarded at the  20% disablement level (40% of DPs). 3% of

Disablement Pensioners received pensions the 100% disablement level (those with the most severe

level of disablement). (Table 1.4)

·         Over half of Disablement Pensioners (51%) and around five-sixths of War Widow(er)s (85%) were

aged 70 and over.(Table 1.6)

·         The average weekly amount received by Disablement Pensioners, including pension and

supplementary allowances, was £82.52. The average weekly amount received by a Disablement

Pensioner at the 100% disablement rate was £359.77. (Table 1.7)

·         The average weekly amount received by War Widow(er)s was £233.80. The average weekly War

Widow(er)s pension was £126.32, with the remainder comprising supplementary allowances.

DATA, DEFINITIONS AND METHODS

Scheme information and definitions

11. A claimant is eligible for consideration under the WPS where disablement or death has occurred as a result of Service in HM Forces, prior to 6 April 2005. In addition, awards may also be made where disablement or death has occurred as a result of:

·         War-time Service in the Naval Auxiliary Service, or the Mercantile Marine

·         Service in the Polish Forces under British command during World War Two

12. Pensions, allowances or other payments may also be awarded where the disablement or death of a civilian or a member of a civil defence organisation is the direct result of an injury sustained as a result of enemy action in World War Two.

13. Claims for injuries/illnesses as a result of Service cannot be made until an individual has left the Services.

14. Injuries and illnesses are awarded under the scheme based on an individual's percentage disablement. The degree of disablement is assessed on a percentage basis by the War Pension Agency medical advisors.

15. If an individual is assessed at a disablement percentage of 20% to 100%, they will be awarded an on-going  War Pension. This is paid at a rate which varies according to the degree of disablement. A gratuity award is a single payment where war disablement has been accepted, but the disablement has been assessed at less  than 20%. A nil award (0% degree of disablement) will be given where the medical condition has been  accepted as being due to Service but has not led to any degree of disablement.

16. From 8 April 2002 a change in the law governing the War Pensions Scheme means that the provisions for war widowers have been equalised to align with those available to war widows. This change in the war pension law applies from the 8 April 2002 onwards and means that war widowers are now entitled, as appropriate, to the same basic pension, supplementary pension and allowances (e.g. in respect of any dependent children)  as war widows. In particular, the means-testing element previously applied to war widowers’ claims and pensions has been removed.

17. For war widow(er)s the standard rate of pension may be paid if the widow(er) has a dependent child, or is over  40, or is incapable of self-support. The lower rate is paid to childless widow(er)s under the age of 40. If the spouse was receiving Constant Attendance Allowance, or at the time of his/her death was 80% or more disabled and receiving Un-employability Supplement, a War Widow(er)s Pension is awarded automatically irrespective of the cause of death.

18. The following periods of Service are covered under the WPS:

·         1914 War - Disabled due to service between 4 August 1914 and 30 September 1921.

·         Inter War - Disabled due to service between 1 October 1921 and 2 September 1939.

·         1939 Onwards - Disabled due to service from 3 September 1939 to 5 April 2005.

19. The following individuals receive payments under the scheme:

·         Disablement pensioner - member of former Service personnel with an injury/illness as a result of Service

·         War widow(er) - spouse of ex-Service person whose death was whilst in Service or related to a disablement due to Service prior to 6 April 2005.

·         Adult Dependant - adult relatives, i.e. sister, brother, aunt or uncle etc, for whom the service person was financially responsible.

·         War Orphan - child of deceased service person who has no surviving mother or father. Child whose mother was divorced from a service person at the time of death. Child who is not in the care of the surviving parent.

·         War Parent - parent of the deceased service person.

·         Unmarried Dependant - partner who lived with the ex-service person for at least 6 months before his enlistment, was maintained by him and who has borne his child.

·         Child Allowance Only - there is a Child Allowance Only Pension in payment, i.e. no award has been given to War Widow(er)s Pension but her child has been awarded.

20. Some individuals receive supplementary allowances in addition to their war pension. The definitions are provided in Annex A.  Medical condition information

21. Illnesses and injuries awarded under the WPS are recorded in both a free-text field and as a medical diagnosis code. To produce the figures for War pensions in payment for mental health conditions (see paragraph 51), records with a medical diagnosis code 4000 to 4008, indicating a mental disorder, were identified. The free-text field was also searched for terms such as ‘PTSD’, ‘psych’, ‘phobia’, ‘depression’, ‘adjustment’, ‘anxiety’, ‘panic’, ‘dysthymic’, ‘schizophrenia’, ‘mood disorder’, 'substance abuse' and ‘mania’, as well as any probable misspellings or alternate spellings. As conditions are sometimes spelt incorrectly it is possible that some records with reference to mental health have not been identified. Therefore the figures supplied should be treated as a minimum.

Data sources and quality

22. Figures presented in this Statistical Notice are based on data stored on the Service Personnel and Veterans’ Agency’s War Pensions Computer System (WPCS). Defence Statistics receive quarterly data extracts from the WPCS which are used to compile the figures provided.

23. The Service Personnel and Veterans' Agency are responsible for ensuring the quality of WPCS data supplied to Defence Statistics.

24. When Defence Statistics receive the WPCS data extracts basic consistency checks are carried out. For example, the numbers of records received is compared to the previous extract to ensure the total number is as expected. If any data quality issues are evident following receipt of data, Defence Statistics liaise with SPVA to determine whether any changes are required.

25. Further validation checks are carried out after the data has been processed to ensure that all processes and queries have run correctly and the final numbers are an accurate reflection of data received from SPVA. Manual checks are then carried out on the final report to ensure that figures quoted in the commentary reflect those in the tables, and that the numbers sum to the totals provided.

Presentation

26. In previous releases of these statistics, annual data was presented by financial year, however quarterly data was presented using calendar year quarters. This has now been amended so that the quarters correspond to the financial years (see Conventions section below for more details).

27. Defence Statistics have recently carried out internal and external customer consultations on the War Pension Scheme National  Statistic. As a result, additional figures have been included in this release on the following:

·         Additional figures to show the number of people who have made claims/appeals (see Section 2). This has been included as Defence Statistics are frequently asked for the numbers of people who have made claims under the scheme, as opposed to the numbers of claims.

·         The number of disablement pensioners who are in receipt of an on-going War Pension for a mental health condition (see page 15). This has been included as Defence Statistics receive a high volume of information requests about the number of people awarded War Pensions for mental health conditions.

28. In line with Defence Statistics Rounding Policy to maintain anonymity of claimants, all figures have been rounded to the nearest five (totals may not add due to rounding). Figures fewer than 5 have been suppressed and shown as ‘~’. Percentages have been rounded to the nearest 1%.

Revisions policy

29. The figures presented in this Statistical Notice are as provided to Defence Statistics in extracts from SPVA's War Pensions Computer System. These statistics are not subject to routine revision. In report updates previously published statistics with data received in the preceding four quarters. Historic data is only revised if errors are found in the classifications or statistical methods used during their publication.

Conventions

~ Negligible (greater than zero, fewer than 5)

rRevised

|| Break in series

Q1 1 April to 30 June

Q2 1 July to 30 September

Q3 1 October to 31 December

Q4 1 January to 31 March

 

 

RESULTS

List of Tables:

Section 1: Recipients of War Pensions

Table 1.1: War Pensions in payment by type of pension, principal scheme and quarter, 31 March

2012 to 31 March 2013, numbers..................................................................................................................................................... 6

Table 1.2: War Pensions in payment by type of pension, gender and financial year end, 31 March

2009 to 31 March 2013, numbers..................................................................................................................................................... 7

Table 1.3: War Pensions flows by type of pension and financial year, 2008-09 to 2011-12, numbers ................................................... 8

Table 1.4: Disablement Pensions in payment by degree of disablement as at 31 March 2013, numbers ..............................................9

Table 1.5: Pensioners by type of pension, principal scheme (DPs) and Government Office Region

(GOR) as at 31 March 2013, numbers .............................................................................................................................................. 11

Table 1.6: War Pensions in payment by pension type, percentage disablement and age band as at

31 March 2013, numbers................................................................................................................................................................   12

Table 1.7: Average weekly amounts of pension entitlement by type, percentage disablement and

age band as at 31 March 2013, currency (£) .................................................... ………………………………………………………………………………………14

Table 1.8: Supplementary allowances in payment by type of allowance and quarter, 31 March 2012

to 31 March 2013, numbers...............................................................................................................................................................16

Table 1.8a: Supplementary allowances in payment by type of pension, 31 March 2009 to 31 March

2013, numbers and average weekly amount (£) .................................................................................................................................17

Section 2: Number of claims, awards and appeals

Table 2.1: Claims registered during quarter, Q4-2011/12 to Q4-2012/13, numbers...... ……………………………………………………………………………18

Table 2.1a: Claims registered during quarter by claim type, Q4-2011/12 to Q4-2012/13, numbers......................................................... 19

Table 2.2: Claim outcomes by financial year, 2008-09 to 2012-13, numbers and percentages ................................................................21

Table 2.2a: Claim outcomes by quarter, Q4-2011/12 to Q4-2012/13, numbers ......................................................................................23

Table 2.3: Successful gratuity & nil percentage awards cleared during financial year, 2008-09 to

2012-13, numbers.............................................................................................................................................................................. 24

Table 2.4: First claims to supplementary allowances cleared during quarter, by allowance type and

Outcome, Q4-2011/12 to Q4-2012/13, numbers...................................................................................................................................25

Table 2.4a: First claims to supplementary allowances automatically awarded during quarter, by

allowance type, Q4-2011/12 to Q4-2012/13,numbers........................................................................................................................... 26

Table 2.5: Appeals cleared to Pensions Appeal Tribunal for consideration during quarter, by appeal

type, Q4-2011/12 to Q4-2012/13, numbers.......................................................................................................................................... 26

Table 2.6: Pensions Appeal Tribunal decisions during quarter by appeal type, Q4-2011/12 to Q4-2012/13, numbers and percentages..... 27

Section 1: Recipients of War Pensions

30. Table 1.1provides a summary for the number of War Pensions in payment by type of pension, scheme and quarter, for the last five quarters of data (31 March 2012 to 31 March 2013).

31. Table 1.1shows that as at 31 March 2013 a total of 152,695 individuals were in receipt of War Pensions, of which 127,590 were disablement pensioners, 24,415 were War Widow(er)s and 690 were other types of pensioner.

32. Between 31 March 2012 and 31 March 2013 the total number of War pensions in payment reduced by 5%, from 161,535 to 152,695. The number of War Disablement pensioners in receipt of an on-going pension decreased 5% (from 134,430 to 127,590) and the number of War Widow(er)s in receipt of a pension decreased 7% (from 26,375 to 24,415).

33. This decline is primarily due to the fact that the number of individuals leaving the scheme each year is considerably higher than the number of individuals joining the scheme. The reasons for this are twofold. Firstly, the age profile of current recipients; 51% of DPs and 85% of WWs were aged 70 or over as at 31 March 2013 (see Table 1.6 for age group breakdown). Secondly, compensation claims for injury, illness, or death caused by Service on or after the 6 April 2005 are now processed  under the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS). As such, the number of claimants joining the WPS is expected to reduce further.

Table 1.1: War Pensions in payment by type of pension, principal scheme and quarter, 31 March 2012 to 31 March 2013, numbers

34. Table 1.2 provides a summary for the number of War Pensions in payment by type of pension, gender and financial year. Table 1.2 shows that of the 152,695 individuals in receipt of war pensions as at 31 March 2013, 80% (n=122,105) were males and 20% (n=30,590) were females. As at 31 March 2013, 95% of Disablement Pensioners were males (n=121,530), and less than one percent  of individuals in receipt of War Widow(er)s pensions were males (n=85). We would expect the majority of disablement pensioners to be males, as they make up the majority of the overall Armed Forces population.

35. Table 1.2 and Figure 1show that the number of Disablement Pensioners receiving a payment has fallen each year over the past five years, from 157,125 as at 31 March 2009, to 127,590 as at 31 March 2013, an overall decrease of 19%. Over the same period the number of War Widow(er)s fell 26%, from 32,790 to 24,415.

Table 1.2: War Pensions in payment by type of pension, gender and financial year end, 31 March 2009 to 31 March 2013, numbers

36. Table 1.3 provides the total intake and outflow from the War Pension Scheme in the last five financial years, by pension type. This table shows that the number of new entrants to the scheme has reduced by 41% over the last four financial years, from3,410 in 2008-09 to 2,010 in 2012-13. During each of the last five financial years the numbers leaving the scheme have been much higher .

37. Table 1.4 provides the number of disablement pensions in payment as at 31 March 2013 for each degree of disablement and scheme type.

38. Table 1.4shows that approximately five out of six 86% (n=109,710) disablement pensioners received a pension at the 50% degree of disablement or below. 3% (n=3,770) received a pension at 100% degree of disablement (the most severely disabled). 99% (n=125,835) of disablement pensions were in payment under the scheme type of ‘1939 War onwards’.

39. Figure 2shows that the proportion of DPs at each degree of disablement has remained constant between March 2009 and March 2013.

 

40. Table 1.5 provides the number of pensions in payment as at 31 March 2013 broken down by Government Office Region, pension and scheme type. This table shows that the highest numbers of pensions were in payment to individuals with a contact address in the South West (n=20,785) and the South East (N=20,135).  We would expect to see a high level of claimants in these areas, as the majority of Armed Forces personnel are stationed within these areas of the UK (see Defence Statistics personnel statistics by stationed location for more information.

41. Table 1.6provides the number of War Pensions in payment as at 31 March 2013 by age group, pension type and disablement percentage. This table shows that 51% (n=65,650) of DPs and 85% (n=20,780) of WWs were aged 70 or over as at 31 March 2013. This number will continue to rise as those in payment get older and people with new injuries are eligible under the AFCS instead of the WPS.

42. Table 1.7 provides the average weekly amounts received by DPs and WWs in War Pensions and allowances, broken down by age group and degree of disablement.

43. Table 1.7 shows that the average weekly amount received by DPs as at 31 March 2013 was £82.52. Of this, £58.64 was from their disablement pension, whilst£23.88 came from supplementary allowances. The average weekly amount received by a DP at the 100% disablement rate was £359.77. DPs aged 95 and over received the highest weekly pension of £66.61, whilst DPs aged 65-69 received the highest weekly supplementary allowance of £32.93.

44. Figure 3shows that disablement pensions increased with each age group and then levelled off between the age groups 55-59 and 65-69. At age group 75-79 there was a drop in weekly pensions before they began to increase again at 85-89. Similarly, supplementary allowances increased with each age group until the age group 65-69, they then began to decrease at age group 70-74 onwards.

45. Table 1.7shows that the average weekly amount received by WWs as at 31 March 2013 was £233.80. Of this, £126.32 was from their pension, whilst £107.48 came from supplementary allowances. WWs aged 95 and over received the highest average weekly pension amount (£127.56), and WWs aged 90-94 received the highest average weekly supplementary allowances amount (£125.94).

46. Figure 4 shows that WWs pensions increased with each age group and levelled off at age group 50-54 to 95 and over. From the age group 35-39, WW average weekly supplementary allowances decrease up until the age group 55-59, before they increase at age group 60-64 to 95 and over.

Table 1.7: Average weekly amounts of pension entitlement by type, percentage disablement (DPs) and age band as at 31 March 2013, currency (£)

47. Table 1.8provides the number of supplementary allowances in payment over the last five quarters, broken down by allowance type and quarter. This table shows that as at 31 March 2013 a total of 123,420 supplementary allowances were in payment.

48. Figure 5shows that the most common supplementary allowances in payment as at 31 March 2013 were DPs and WWs Age Additions, accounting for 40% (n=49,200) of all allowances in payment. The next most common allowance was Widow(er)s’ Special Allowance, accounting for 16% (n=20,305) of all allowances in payment. This is a supplementary pension payable to Widow(er)s of Service personnel who died or left the Services before 31 March 1973, as they would not benefit from the improvements made to the MOD’s Armed Forces Pension Scheme after that date.

 

Section 2: Number of claims, awards and appeals

52. Table 2.1 provides the number of claims registered under the War Pension Scheme during the last five quarters, broken down by claim type and quarter. During Q4-2012/13, 5,670 people registered a total of

6,105 claims, of which 49% (n=3,010) were disablement claims. Table 2.1aprovides a more detailed breakdown for each type of claim.

53. Table 2.2provides information on the outcomes of claims cleared during each of the last five financial years.

Percentages are also provided for each claim outcome in Figure 6.

54. Table 2.2 shows that in the financial year 2012-13, 73% (n=2,720) of first claims resulted in an on-going war pension or gratuity, 48% (n=1,880) of second claims resulted in an increased entitlement or new award, and 55% (n=550) of war widow(er)s’ claims resulted in an on-going widow(er)s’ pension. Figure 6 shows that the success rates of first and second claims, and also war widow(er)s claims have increased between 2008/09 and 2011/12 and have decreased in the financial year 2012-13.

55. Table 2.2a provides the numbers of claims cleared during the last five quarters by claim type and outcome. This table shows that the largest category of claims cleared during Q4-2012/13 were first claims to pension, with a total of 915claims cleared during this latest quarter. 70% of these claims (n=645) resulted in an On-going war pension or gratuity.

56. Table 2.3provides the numbers of successful nil and gratuity awards during each of the last five financial years. A nil award (0% degree of disablement) will be given where the medical condition has been accepted as being due to Service but has not led to any degree of disablement. No payment is made for nil awards. A gratuity award is a single payment where war disablement has been accepted, but the disablement has been assessed at less than 20%. This table shows that during the last financial year 2012-13 a total of 2,600 nil and gratuity awards were made.

57. Table 2.4provides the numbers of claims for supplementary allowances that were cleared during the latest five quarters by allowance type and outcome. DuringQ4-2012/13 most cleared claims for supplementary allowances were for funeral expenses (n=255) and mobility supplement (n=195). For each of these allowance types respectively, 51% (n=130) and 62% (n=120) of claims had a successful outcome.

58. Table 2.4  a provides the numbers of supplementary allowances that were automatically awarded under the scheme during the latest five quarters, by allowance type. Age allowances made up the majority of automatic allowances during Q4-2012/13 (n=350).

60. Table 2.6 and Figure 7provide information on the decisions made by the PAT for appeals cleared during the last five quarters.

61. Table 2.6 and Figure 7show that the success of appeals has varied over the last five quarters. Between Q4-2011/12 and Q4-2012/13, the percentage of successful entitlement appeals (including WWs entitlement appeals) has ranged from a high of 39% in Q3-2012/13 and a low of 21% in Q1-2012/13. During the same period, the percentage of assessment appeals resulting in an increased award ranged from a high of 51% in Q3-2012/13 and a low of 33% in Q2-2012/13. The percentage of successful allowance appeals ranged from a high of 33% in Q3-2012/13 and a low of 13% in Q4-2011/12. Please note some of these results are based on small numbers of appeals.

Annex A - definitions of supplementary allowances Age Allowance - This may be paid to a war disablement pensioner (man or woman) who is aged 65 or over and whose disablement is assessed at 40% or more.

Allowance for Lowered Standard of Occupation (ALSO) - This may be paid if a pensioner’s earning capacity is reduced because their pensioned disablement permanently prevents them following their regular occupation. To gain entitlement new claimants must be under age 65, with a service disablement of at least 40% when they make their claim. This allowance plus their basic War Disablement Pension cannot exceed the 100% disablement pension rate.

Clothing Allowance (CLOT) - This may be paid if the disablement causes exceptional wear and tear on clothing.

Comforts Allowance (COMF) - This may be paid to a severely disabled pensioner who is receiving Constant

Attendance Allowance or Un-employability Supplement or both. It is intended to help with the extra expenses associated with severe disablement.

Constant Attendance Allowance (CAA) - This may be paid to a pensioner who needs regular personal attention because of their pensioned disablement and that disablement is assessed at 80% or more. It is payable at one of four rates. The rate varies according to the level of attendance they need.

Elderly Widow(er)’s Age Allowance - A war widow(er) may receive an additional allowance at age 65 which is increased at age 70 and again at age 80.

Exceptionally Severe Disablement Allowance (ESDA) - This may be paid to a pensioner who is receiving Constant Attendance Allowance at one of the two highest rates, or would be receiving it if they were not in hospital.

Funeral Expenses (FE) - Funeral expenses may be paid if the pensioner died as a result of his service

disablement, or died while having treatment for that disablement in hospital, or was entitled to Constant Attendance Allowance, or was at the time of his death 80% or more disabled and receiving Un-employability Supplement.

Invalidity Allowance (IVA) - This may be paid to a pensioner receiving Un-employability Supplement. The rate varies according to the age at which un-employability began.

Modified Over Age Infirm Allowance (MOIA) - Compensation/Allowances (including that paid to children living in the Irish Republic or Overseas) due to infirmity are taken into account when calculating an award of OAIA and adjustments are made if necessary. (See OAIA below)

Modified Un-employability Supplement (MSUP) - The basic conditions of eligibility to UNSUPP for a pensioner living abroad (including the Irish Republic and the Channel Islands) are the same as for the UK, however, if they become eligible for Retirement Pension or other benefit payable out of the public funds of that country then UNSUPP may be adjusted with that benefit, or paid at a nominal rate to allow continued payment of comforts allowance.

Over Age Infirm Allowance (OAIA) - Over Age Infirm Allowance for children of deceased pensioners unable to support themselves dates back to the 1914 War. The allowance can be awarded or continued beyond the normal age limits on the grounds of infirmity if the ailment is of a nature which is likely to prevent the person from earning a living either permanently or for a prolonged period and infirmity commenced before age 16. The person is still referred to as a child even though they may be quite elderly.

Rent Allowance (RENT) - A war widow(er) with a child or children may be eligible for a rent allowance.

Severe Disablement Occupational Allowance (SDOA) - This may be paid to a pensioner who is entitled to Constant Attendance Allowance at one of the two highest rates, but who still normally has a gainful occupation.

Temporary Allowance for Widow(er)s (TAW) - This may be paid to a widow(er), irrespective of the cause of their spouse’s death, if he/she were awarded Un-employability Supplement or Constant Attendance Allowance or both. The allowance is approximately equal to the disablement pension and allowances paid to their late spouse.

It is paid for the first 26 weeks of widowhood.

Treatment Allowance (TA) - This is equivalent to a disablement pension paid at the 100% rate. It may be paid instead of a disablement pension to a pensioner who incursa loss of earnings as a result of receiving treatment for their pensioned disablement.

Un-employability Supplement (UNSUPP) - This may be paid to a pensioner who is unemployable or virtually Un-employable as a result of the war pensioned disablement. To gain entitlement, new claimants must be under age 65, with a pensioned disablement assessed at 60% or more when they make their claim. Additional allowances may be paid for a spouse and a child or children. War Pensioner’s Mobility Supplement (WPMS) - This is intended to help with the mobility costs of a pensioner who is unable to walk, or virtually unable to walk. New claimants must have a service disablement of at least 40%. It is paid to double amputees and to those pensioners who need help getting about because they are both deaf and blind as a result of their pensioned disablement.

War Widow(er)’s Special Allowance - This is a Supplementary Pension payable to “pre-1973 war widow(er)s” (the widow(er)s of Service personnel who died or left the services before 31 st March 1973, and who did not benefit from the improvements made from that date to the MOD’s Armed Forces Pension Scheme).